The origins and history of the electoral college
Origins and history of the electoral college in order to appreciate the reasons for the electoral college, it is essential to understand its historical context and the problem that the founding fathers were trying to solve. The electoral college is a process that creates a buffer between a president's election through congress and the vote of the american people it was established by the nation's founding fathers. The united states electoral college is a body of electors established by the united states constitution, constituted every four years for the sole purpose of electing the president and vice president of the united statesthe college consists of 538 electors, and an absolute majority of 270 electoral votes is required to win an election pursuant to article ii, section 1, clause 2, the. Through 2016, there have been 58 presidential elections this page links to the results of those historical elections, including a larger map, results and synopsis of the race an interactive version of each map is also available, letting you change history.
American citizens don’t directly vote for president, they vote for electors, and then the electors vote for president this video explains why the electoral college system was created by. The first electoral college tie in american political history occurred in the 1800 election, but it wasn't the two presidential candidates who were deadlockeda presidential candidate and his own running mate received the same number of electoral votes, and the house of representatives was forced to break the tie. Electoral college fast facts established in article ii, section 1 of the us constitution, the electoral college is the formal body which elects the president and vice president of the united states.
The fec has no jurisdiction over the electoral college the national archives and records administration (nara) is the federal agency responsible for coordinating activities of states and congress regarding the electoral college vote for president. The electoral college system was created essentially as one more way for the people in power to keep their power, and for the people that don’t want anything to do with that power to stay out of that power. On the origins of the electoral college april 14th, 2017 barry posted in elections | no comments » if you enjoy these cartoons, please support them on patreon even a pledge of $1 means a lot to me transcript of cartoon. The structure of the electoral college can be traced to the centurial assembly system of the roman republic under that system, the adult male citizens of rome were divided, according to their wealth, into groups of 100 (called centuries.
Abstract in this article, professor finkelman reflects on the origins of the electoral college in light of the results of the 2000 election in 2000, although george w bush lost the popular vote, he was still able to capture the presidency due to his majority in the electoral college. An electoral college is a set of electors who are selected to elect a candidate to a particular office often these represent different organizations, political parties, or entities, with each organization, political party or entity represented by a particular number of electors or with votes weighted in a particular way the system can ignore the wishes of a general membership. To clarify, in revisiting the origins of the electoral college, my objective is not to discount evidence of various political advantages derived from the current operation of the presidential selection process. The electoral college interesting information and interesting links but for those who believe a picture (a map actually) is worth a thousand words i offer the usa today newspaper county by county voting map for 2000 and 2004.
The origins and history of the electoral college
The origin of the electoral college with citizen genius citizen genius breaks the compromise that led to the electoral college into easily understood concepts, explaining how the final system was reached. This essay very nicely lays out the essential role of the slave power in the origins of the electoral college, but that history is even clearer when one examines how congress, following the constitutional crisis of 1800-01, amended the constitution with the 11th amendment. While members of congress are expressly forbidden from being electors, the constitution requires the house and senate to count the electoral college’s ballots, and in the event of a tie, to select the president and vice president, respectively. That history matters today, because it places the electoral college pretty firmly along the spectrum of america’s struggle with inequality this is an institution that was born, in part, of a.
The electoral college was created by the framers of the us constitution as a compromise for the presidential election process at the time, some politicians believed a purely popular election was too reckless and would give too much voting power to highly populated areas in which people were familiar with a presidential candidate. Now the electoral college numbers are based on number of congressmen, so if you want to say therefore since the electoral college is based on congress, then therefore the electoral college is based on the 3/5 compromise, you could say anything congress has done over the last 200 years is based on the 3/5 compromise. Madison’s plan effectively created the electoral college, an electoral system in which each state would be given a number of electors equal to the total of their senators and representatives if the presidential election was conducted through the popular vote, slaves, not being able to vote, would have no impact on the election.
This website about the united states electoral college from the national archives is an excellent resource for both students and teachers it is divided into sections that include: answers to frequently asked questions about the electoral college historical election results, state by state electoral information, and an electoral college calculator for younger students. Origins: current events in historical perspective in each issue of origins, an academic expert will analyze a particular current issue – political, cultural, or social – in a larger, deeper context in addition to the analysis provided by each month’s feature, origins will also include images, maps, graphs and other material to complement the essay. December 15, 2008 electoral college thomas mann talked about the casting of electoral votes today and the history of the electoral college.